Kurt Nagl, "US Activists Burn Confederate Flag On Memorial Day," Al Jazeera, May 30, 2017.

Matthew Teague, "Confederate Flag Is In Retreat -- But Still Gives Voice To Rebel Yell Of White Anxiety," Guardian, June 17, 2016.

Camila Domonoske, "National Cathedral Will Remove Confederate Flags From Stained-Glass Windows," Two-Way, NPR, June 9, 2016.

  Viv Bernstein, "Confederate Flags Crash Nascar's Plan For A Homecoming," New York Times, September 5, 2015.

"Confederate Flag Supporters Rally In U.S. State," Al Jazeera, August 4, 2015.

  Michael Daly, "Confederate Flag Treated Like Fallen Hero," Daily Beast (July 11, 2015).

"Confederate Flag Taken Down From South Carolina Capitol," BBC News, July 10, 2015.

  "Confederate Flags Spotted Outside The U.S.," BBC News, July 10, 2015.

  Richard Fausset and Alan Bliner, "Era Ends As South Carolina Lowers Confederate Flag," New York Times, July 10, 2015.

  "Flag Battle On Capitol Hill," Al Jazeera, July 10, 2015.

  "S. Carolina Removes Confederate Flag From State Capitol," Al Jazeera, July 10, 2015.

Amanda Holpuch, "'A New Day In South Carolina' As House Votes To Remove Confederate Flag," Guardian, July 9, 2015.

  "Taking Down The Confederate Flag," On Point, NPR, July 9, 2015.

"Jenny Horne: Republican Who Helped Banish Confederate Flag," BBC News, July 9, 2015.

"South Carolina: 'Impassioned Debate' Over Confederate Flag," BBC News, July 9, 2015.

  Amanda Holpuch, "South Carolina Lawmakers Take First Step To Remove Confederate Flag," Guardian, July 6, 2015.

  Sheryl Gay Stolberg, "Even As Museum Piece, Confederate Flag Is In Dispute," New York Times, July 6, 2015.

Alan Blinder, "South Carolina's Senators Take Step To Remove The Confederate Flag," New York Times, July 6, 2015.

A. J. Chavar and Gabriella Demczuk, "Driving The South's Flag Divide," New York Times, July 3, 2015.

"Views Clash Where Confederate Flags Fly," New York Times, July 3, 2015.

  "Confederate Flag Under Fire After Charleston Shooting," Current, CBC, June 30, 2015.

  Stereo Williams, "Why Rappers Rock The Confederate Flag: From Outkast To Kanye West's Merchandise," Daily Beast (June 30, 2015).

  Mark Mardell, "Confederate Flag: Why It Is So Potent In The U.S.," BBC News, June 25, 2015.

"The Confederate Flag: History And Modern-Day Connotations," Diane Rehm Show, WAMU, June 25, 2015.

  James Joiner, "Can Country Music Quit The Rebel Flag?," Daily Beast (June 25, 2015).

Anthony Zurcher, "Will Confederate Flag Backlash Strike Mississippi Next?," BBC News, June 25, 2015.

"Efforts To Banish Confederate Symbols Grow In U.S. South," BBC News, June 24, 2015.

  "Confederate Flag Protests Spread Across U.S.," BBC News, June 24, 2015.

Jamil Smith, "As Racist Symbols Fall Away," New Republic (June 24, 2015).

  Bradley Campbell, "The Town In Brazil That Embraces The Confederate Flag," BBC Newsmagazine, June 24, 2015.

Nia-Malika Henderson, "Inside The Battle Over The Confederate Flag," CNN, June 24, 2015.

"South Carolina Urges Removal Of Confederate Flag," BBC News, June 23, 2015.

  Campbell Robertson, "Flag Supporters React With A Mix Of Compromise, Caution And Outright Defiance," New York Times, June 23, 2015.

"U.S. Governor Calls For Confederate Flag To Be Removed," Al Jazeera, June 23, 2015.

"The Confederate Flag's History In South Carolina," Here And Now, WBUR, June 22, 2015.

  Marlow Stern, "John Oliver: Kill The Confederate Flag," Daily Beast (June 22, 2015).

  Aram Goudsouzian, "Does The Confederate Flag Signify Heritage Or Hate?," Al Jazeera, June 21, 2015.

"Confederate Flag 'Belongs In A Museum,' Obama Says," BBC News, June 20, 2015.

Bill Chappell, "Confederate Flag 'Has To Come Down' In S.C., NAACP Leader Says," Two-Way, NPR, June 19, 2015.

"Why The Confederate Flag Started Trending After The Charleston Shooting," BBC News, June 18, 2015.

  "The U.S. Supreme Court Hears Free Speech Case: Walker V. Sons Of Confederate Veterans," Diane Rehm Show, WAMU, March 24, 2015.

  Tom Geoghegan, "Why Do People Still Fly The Confederate Flag?," BBC Newsmagazine, August 30, 2013.

"Why I Flag The Confederate Flag," BBC News, April 11, 2011.

Jaime O'Neill, "Give The Confederate Flag A Break: The Stars-And-Bars Is A Diversion In The Nation's Fight For Racial Harmony," San Francisco Chronicle, April 29, 2007.

Christine Jordan Sexton, "Southern Group Protests A Depiction Of the Confederate Flag," New York Times, March 17, 2007.

Diane McWhorter, "'The Confederate Battle Flag': Clashing Symbols," New York Times, April 3, 2005.

Patrik Jonsson, "Battle Over The Past Rages On In An Evolving South," Christian Science Monitor, February 24, 2005.

"Did You Miss?," Guardian, March 6, 2004.

Ariel Hart, "The 2004 Campaign: Georgians Vote To Keep New Flag," New York Times, March 3, 2004.

Julian Borger, "Democrat Hopeful In Race Row About Confederate Flag," Guardian, November 6, 2003.

"Dean Apologises For Flag Remark," BBC News, November 6, 2003.

"A New Flag For Georgia (At Least For Now)," New York Times, May 9, 2003.

  "Georgia Gov. Signs Bill Making New Flag," USA Today, May 8, 2003.

David M. Halbfinger, "Georgia Lawmakers Drop Rebel Cross From The Flag," New York Times, April 27, 2003.

Patrik Johnson, "South Carolina's Flag Controversy Unfolds," Christian Science Monitor, February 12, 2003.

Jeffrey Gettleman, "The 2002 Elections: An Old Battle Flag Helps Bring Down A Governor," New York Times, November 7, 2002.

Patrik Johnson, "Southern Pride And T-Shirts That Divide," Christian Science Monitor, August 10, 2001.

Joe Davidson, "Dishonoring America," Christian Science Monitor, May 10, 2001.

  "Mississippi Keeps Confederate Flag," BBC News, April 18, 2001.

  "Georgia Flies New 'Non-Racist' Flag," BBC News, February 1, 2001.

Suzi Parker, "Mississippi's Kinder Confederate Flag Debate," Christian Science Monitor, October 23, 2000.

Ann Scott Tyson, "A Southern Town Rebels . . . Against Ballot Box," Christian Science Monitor, October 5, 2000.

  "U.S. South: Old Habits Die Hard," BBC News, July 15, 2000.

  "Confederate Flag Comes Down," BBC News, July 1, 2000.

"Confederate Flag Likely To Move To Monument," New York Times, May 10, 2000.

Todd Leopold, "Flag Flap Stretches Beyond South Carolina," Christian Science Monitor, April 18, 2000.

"Editorial: Flagging South Carolina," San Francisco Chronicle, April 14, 2000.

  "Half-Mast For Confederate Flag," BBC News, April 13, 2000.

Michael Alvear, "A Southern Solution For The Confederate Flag Controversy," San Francisco Chronicle, January 24, 2000.

Chris Burritt, "Rebel Flag A Target On King's Day: 46,000 Protesters Rally In South Carolina," San Francisco Chronicle, January 18, 2000.

"Thousands March At Flag Rally," BBC News, January 18, 2000.

Julian Borger, "In The Shadow Of The Confederate Flag," Guardian Unlimited, January 16, 2000.

Martin Kettle, "Southerners Rally Round 'Racist' Confederate Flag To Keep Stars And Bars," Guardian, January 11, 2000.

Debra J. Saunders, "Raising A Red Flag On Race," San Francisco Chronicle, January 11, 2000.

Suzi Parker, "Why The South Still Whistles 'Dixie,'" Christian Science Monitor, November 9, 1999.

  "Confederate 'Swastika' Under Attack," BBC News, November 3, 1999.

"Dunce Of The Confederacy: Sen. Jesse Helms Invokes A 'Little Symbol,' The Stars-And-Bars, In Trying to Settle A Grudge And Deny An Ambassador's Appointment," San Francisco Examiner, October 20, 1999.

Lee Hubbard, "Look Away, Dixie Land, " San Francisco Gate, September 15, 1999.

William Winter and Michael Wenger, "Healing Racial Rifts: What Unifies Us?," Christian Science Monitor, March 25, 1999.

Suzi Parker, "Packing Away The Old South's Icons," Christian Science Monitor, December 28, 1998.

Gail Russell Chaddock, "Students At Ole Miss Push To Shed Symbols Of Past," Christian Science Monitor, April 10, 1998.

Elizabeth Levitan Spaid, "S. Carolina Flap Over Rebel Flag," Christian Science Monitor, November 25, 1996.

Elizabeth Levitan Spaid, "Cultural Symbols Of The Old South Clash With Spirit Of The Olympics," Christian Science Monitor, July 12, 1996.

Elizabeth Levitan Spain, "Old Totems Tumble In New South," Christian Science Monitor, June 23, 1995.

Jack Epstein, "Rebel Yell Down In Ol'. . . Brazil?: In The Sugar Cane Fields Near Sao Paulo, Descendants Of Some 20,000 Confederates Who Fled The Prospect Of Yankee Rule Are Doing Their Level Best To Keep The Memory Of Dixie Alive," San Francisco Chronicle, May 14, 1995.

Gerry Boulard, "The Confederate Flag Still Waves In The South," Christian Science Monitor, April 19, 1993.

Audio And Video Sources


"Feeling Kinship With The South, Northerners Let Their Confederate Flags Fly," Morning Edition, NPR, May 4, 2017.

"Moving Beyond The Confederate Flag," Religion And Ethics Newsweekly, PBS, July 10, 2015.

"Is The Confederate Flag About To Go The Way Of Nazi Symbols?," World, PRI, June 25, 2015.

"As South Carolina Deals With Its Confederate Flag, One Town In Brazil Flies It With Pride," World, PRI, June 22, 2015.


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