Ali, Kecia.  Lives Of Muhammad.  Cambridge: Harvard, 2014.

  Armstrong, Karen.  Muhammad: A Biography of the Prophet.  New York: Harperone, 2007.

  Brockopp, Jonathan E., ed.  Cambridge Companion to Muhammad.  New York: Cambridge, 2010.

  Brown, Jonathan A. C.  Hadith: Muhammad's Legacy in the Medieval and Modern World.  New York: Oneworld, 2009.

  _____.  Muhammad: A Very Short Introduction.  New York: Oxford, 2011.

  Hazleton, Lesley.  First Muslim: The Story Of Muhammad.  New York: Riverhead, 2013.

  Khalidi, Tarif.  Images of Muhammad: Narratives of the Prophet in Islam Across the Centuries.  Harmony, 2009.

  Lings, Martin.  Muhammad.  Inner Traditions, 2006.

  Peters, F. E.  Jesus and Muhammad: Parallel Tracks, Parallel Lives.  New York: Oxford, 2010.

  Ramadan, Tariq.  In the Footsteps of the Prophet: Lessons From the Life of Muhammad.  New York: Oxford, 2006.

  Safi, Omid.  Memories of Muhammad: Why The Prophet Matters.  New York: Harperone, 2009.

  Zeitlin, Irving M.  Historical Muhammad.  New York: Polity, 2007.



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