Possible Starting Places

  Camila Osorio, "The Conquest Of Mexico Under Question, 500 Years On," El Pais, August 9, 2021.

  Sam Jones and David Agren, "After 500 Years, Cortes Still Looms Large On Both Sides Of Atlantic," Guardian, December 31, 2019.

  Sonia Corona et al., "Mexico's Demand For an Apology Creates Political Stir In Spain," El Pais, March 27, 2019.

Conquest Of The Aztecs In The News

  Sam Jones and Angela Giuffrida, "Madrid Leader Takes Issue With Pope's Apology For 'Painful Errors' In Mexico," Guardian, September 29, 2021.

  David Agren, "Don't Call Us Traitors: Descendants Of Cortes's Allies Defend Role In Toppling Aztec Empire," Guardian, August 13, 2021.

  Marta Vidal, "Zapatistas 'Invade' Madrid To Mark Spanish Conquest Anniversary," Al Jazeera, August 13, 2021.

  "Mexican President Apologises To Indigenous For Spanish Conquest," Al Jazeera, August 13, 2021.

  Camila Osorio, "'Mexican Spanish Is Permeated By Indigenous Languages,'" El Pais, August 13, 2021.

  David Agren, "Mexico Marks 500 Years Since Aztec Capital's Fall With Public Spectacles, Political Rancor And Hard Words For Spain," Globe And Mail, August 12, 2021.

  Arturo Conde, "500 Years After Spanish Conquest, Still Under 'Colonial Domination?,'" NBC News, August 12, 2021.

  Carlos Carillo, "Mexico Builds Replica Aztec Temple To Mark 500 Years Since Spanish Conquest," Reuters, August 11, 2021.

  Livia Gershon, "Mexico City Marks 500th Anniversary Of The Fall Of Tenochtitlan," Smithsonian Smart News, May 24, 2021.

  "Mexico Archaeologists Reveal Tale Of Cannibalism And Reprisal From Conquest," Guardian, January 19, 2021.

  Isis Davis-Marks, "Mexico Seeks Apology For Catholic Church's Role In The Spanish Conquest," Smithsonian Smart News, November 2, 2020.

  "Mexico Asks Pope Francis For Apology For Church's Role In Spanish Conquest," Guardian, October 11, 2020.

  "Mexico City Gold Was Aztec Last Spanish Abandoned As They Fled In 1520, Tests Show," Guardian, January 10, 2020.

  David Agren, "Discovery Of Iron Anchors Raises Hopes Of Finding Hernan Cortes's Ships," Guardian, December 20, 2019.

  "Hernan Cortes: Conquistador Anchors Found Off Mexico Gulf Coast," BBC News, December 18, 2019.

  Luci Abellan and Javier Lafuente, "Madrid Rejects Mexico's Demand For An Apology Over Spanish Conquest," El Pais, March 26, 2019.

  "Mexico Demands Apology From Spain And The Vatican Over Conquest," BBC News, March 26, 2019.

  Stephen Burgen and David Agren, "Spain Hits Back At Mexico In Row Over Colonial Rights Abuses," Guardian, March 26, 2019.

  Pablo ferri and Manuel Morales, "Writers, Historians React To Mexico's Demand For An Apology From Spain," El Pais, March 26, 2019.

  "Mexico Demands Spain Apologize For Colonial Abuse Of Indigenous People," Guardian, March 25, 2019.

  Richard Gunderman, "How Smallpox Devastated The Aztecs -- And Helped Spain Conquer An American Civilization 500 Years Ago," Conversation, February 19, 2019.

Video Sources

  "Mexico Marks 500 Years Since Spanish Conquest Of Aztec Empire," Al Jazeera, May 13, 2021.  (3 mins)

Audio Sources

  "Tenochtitlan: A Retelling Of The Conquest," Throughline, NPR. October 7, 2021.  (53 mins)

"500 Years Later, The Spanish Conquest Of Mexico Is Still Being Debated," Weekend Edition Sunday, NPR, November 10, 2019.  (4 mins)


Andres Resendez, "500 Years After Aztec Rule Mexico Confronts A Complicated Anniversary," National Geographic (August 12, 2021).


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