Possible Starting Places

  Alex Boyd, "What Is The Doctrine Of Discovery?: And Why Do People Want To Pope To Denounce It?," Toronto Star, July 28, 2022.

  "Indigenous Activist Urges The Vatican To Revoke 500-Year-Old Documents," Tapestry, CBC Radio, December 14, 2018.  (11 mins)

  Bryan Eneas, "The Doctrine Of Discovery: Its Effects Are Still Being Felt, But Only The Pope Can Rescind It," CBC News, May 12, 2022.

  "Pope Faces Calls To Renounce The Doctrine Of Discovery At The Heart Of Colonialism," As It Happens, CBC Radio, July 26, 2022.  (7 mins)

  "Doctrine Of Discovery," Tree TV, September 16, 2015.  (6 mins)

Doctrine Of Discovery In The News

  Aleem Maqbool, "Pope Francis: Did The Pontiff's Apology In Canada Go Far Enough?," BBC News, July 30, 2022.

  Brett Forester, "Doctrine Of Discovery Is A 'Legal Fiction,' But Revoking It Won't Herald Immediate Changes, Experts Say," APTN News, July 29, 2022.

"First Nations Leader To Meet Top Canadian Bishop To Discuss Papal Bulls, Church Records," APTN News, July 28, 2022.

Mitchell Consky, "Pope Asked To Renounce Doctrine Of Discovery -- What Is It?," CTV News, July 27, 2022.

  Monir Ghaedi, "Canada's Indigenous People Call For Action From Church," DW, July 26, 2022.

  "Pope's Apology Meaningless Without Rescinding Doctrine Of Discovery, Says Dehcho First Nations," CBC News, June 11, 2022.

  Elisabetta Povoledo and Ian Austen, "'I Feel Shame': Pope Apologizes To Indigenous People Of Canada," New York Times, April 1, 2022.

  "How Canada's UNDRIP Bill Was Strengthened To Reject 'Racist' Doctrine Of Discovery," Victoria News, June 20, 2021.

  Charlie Smith, "The Kamloops Residential School, The Doctrine Of Discovery, And The International Criminal Court," Georgia Straight, June 4, 2021.

  "Catholic Church Called On To Apologise For Colonial Land Confiscations," RNZ, January 22, 2020.

  Kathleen Martens, "Doctrine Of Discovery At Heart Of Saskatchewan Court Case," APTN News, March 21, 2019.

  Betty Lyons, "Dreamers Must Be Protected -- As Indigenous Peoples Were Not," Guardian, March 3, 2018.

  "500 Years Ago: Pope Gives Permission To Conquer Indigenous People," Tapestry, CBC Radio, June 17, 2016.

Paul Barnsley, "Church Considering Request To Rescind Doctrine Of Discovery," APTN News, June 1, 2016.

  Mark Brett, "Making Space For Justice After Mabo: Theological Critiques Of Sovereignty," ABC, July 2, 2012.

Video Sources

  "Pope Francis Faces Calls To Renounce The Doctrine Of Discovery," CBC News, July 2022.  (4 mins)

  "Doctrine Of Discovery: 'Legal Fiction,'" In Focus, APTN, February 27, 2014.  (22 mins)

  "Doctrine Of Discovery: Stolen Lands, Strong Hearts," Anglican Church Of Canada, April 11, 2019.  (66 mins)

Audio Sources

  "Calls For Catholic Church To Apologise For Role In Colonialism," RNZ, January 21, 2020.  (6 mins)

  "Awkward Conversations About Colonisation And Doctrine Of Discovery -- With Dayle Takitimu And Glenis Philip-Barbara," Smart Talk, RNZ, November 24, 2019.  (50 mins)

  "Stand-Off At Standing Rock -- Native American Researcher And Lawyer Steve Newcomb Speaks Out," Speaking Out, ABC, April 2, 2017.  (8 mins)


"Dismantling The Doctrine Of Discovery," Assembly Of First Nations, January 2018.


"Discovery Doctrine," Wikipedia:  An entry from the on-line encyclopedia.

"Indigenous Title And The Doctrine Of Discovery," Indigenous Corporate Training, January 26, 2020.


Bruce McIvor, "What Is The Doctrine Of Discovery?," First Peoples Law, July 27, 2022.

Robert Miller et al., "Discovering Indigenous Lands: The Doctrine Of Discovery In The English Colonies," Oxford Academic.


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